Russian vs. Ukrainian | How Similar Are Russian and Ukrainian?
Ukrainian politicians and experts have denied the statements of the Secretary of the Russian Security Council Nikolai Patrushev about the alleged discrimination of the Russian language in Ukraine
KIEV – Ukrainian is the only state language whose status is enshrined in the Constitution of Ukraine, and we do not need advice from Russia or any other country in the world on this issue. This was announced on January 26 on Facebook by the Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine Oleksiy Danilov, commenting on the statement of the Secretary of the Russian Security Council on the state status of the Ukrainian language..
“After the occupation of the Ukrainian Crimea and the outbreak of war in part of the territory of the Luhansk and Donetsk regions under the supervision and with the direct participation of Russian troops, Russia is an aggressor country for Ukraine,” stressed Oleksiy Danilov.
The NSDC Secretary noted that a new history of relations is possible only after the complete liberation of Ukrainian territories, the extradition of war criminals, treason, punishment of those responsible for planning and carrying out military aggression against our country..
“Only after the last Russian soldier leaves the territory of Ukraine. We did not invite you here, “Danilov noted..
Recall that in an interview with “AiF” Secretary of the Security Council of Russia Nikolai Patrushev said that Ukraine is undergoing the next, nineteenth, stage of language discrimination.
Nikolay Patrushev noted that the country “introduced requirements for the use of exclusively the Ukrainian language in science, culture, transport, in the press, schools, universities and labor relations.”.
“By adopting such laws, contrary to the opinion of the majority of citizens, the current government opposes itself to the main population of Ukraine, provokes additional tension in society, contributes to the development of separatism,” Nikolai Patrushev emphasized in an interview published on the AiF website on January 26.
Trade, transport, politics: Ukrainian and not only
The Law of Ukraine “On ensuring the functioning of the Ukrainian language as the state language” provides for the introduction of a number of amendments that come into force, including in 2021.
This document does not prohibit the use in some cases of “another language”.
For example, in Article 30 “State language in the field of consumer services” in paragraph 1 it is noted that “the language of customer service in Ukraine is the state language”, and in paragraph 3 it is emphasized that “at the request of the client, his personal service can also be carried out in another language acceptable to the parties “.
Article 36 “State language in the field of transport” of the same law states that “the language of servicing passengers in transport is the state language. At the request of the passenger, his individual service can be carried out in another language acceptable to the parties “.
Article 38 “The state language in appeals to public associations, political parties and other legal entities” provides in paragraph 2 that “public associations, political parties and other legal entities registered in Ukraine may accept applications in other languages for consideration”.
The document also provides other language norms..
Russian political environment
Political scientist and historian Alexander Paliy believes that the Russian assessment of the language situation in Ukraine is dictated by the political struggle within the Russian elite.
“These conversations are a casting among Putin’s leaders. They are trying to show themselves by appearing in the media that the Putin course will be preserved after Putin. These statements about the language in Ukraine are such “concerts in the Kremlin” of loyalty to Putin’s course, as part of a covert struggle for a place who will become Putin’s successor, ”Oleksandr Paliy tells the correspondent of the Russian service of the Voice of America.
The political scientist calls unreasonable remarks on the language issue for Ukraine, which, according to him, is actually a mono-ethnic country..
“The absolute majority of Russians arrived in our country a maximum of 100-150 years ago. At the time of Bohdan Khmelnitsky, we had no Russians at all, there were only Moscow merchants, “says Alexander Paliy.
Ukrainian is the only state
Political commentator Alexander Kochetkov notes that the topic of language is often highly politicized in Ukraine and abroad.
“The situation is transparent – having looked into the Constitution, to the creation of which I was involved in 1996, the state of Ukraine has one state language. Ukrainian. Other languages are also eligible for development and support, but are local. This is fully consistent with European language practice, “says Alexander Kochetkov to the correspondent of the Russian service” Voice of America “.
According to Alexander Kochetkov, the norms of the language law in force in Ukraine imply the need to respond in Ukrainian if the buyer requires that they communicate with him in Ukrainian.
“Trade enterprises are obliged to provide such an opportunity. Russia distorts the facts, saying that supposedly everyone needs to switch to Ukrainian. This is at the request of the consumer.
On the other hand, the Russian language, with all its attitude to the aggressor country, should not be either extolled or infringed upon in relation to all the national languages of communication in Ukraine. When they say that Russian is being destroyed under pressure from the West, this is a complete lie – the West insists that the Language Charter be applied to all languages, including Russian, “he emphasizes..
At the same time, according to the political observer, to accelerate the transition to the Ukrainian language in the field of education in comparison with other languages of communication in the country, “is not correct, and this was pointed out to us by the Venice Commission.”.