Crimea Sanctions Extended: EU extends trade, investment ban against occupied Crimea
On December 16, the UN General Assembly adopted an updated and strengthened resolution on the human rights situation in the occupied Crimea
KIEV – EU ambassadors approved the extension of economic sanctions against Russia due to the aggression in Ukraine, in particular, due to the annexation of Crimea. This was announced on December 16 by Radio Liberty correspondent Rikard Jozwiak..
“The EU ambassadors approved the extension of economic sanctions against Russia for another 6 months. # Ukraine # Crimea “, – the journalist wrote on Twitter.
After the annexation of Crimea in 2014 and the outbreak of hostilities in Donbas, the European Union introduced sanctions related to the violation of the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine.
According to Krym.Realii, the UN General Assembly on December 16 adopted an updated and strengthened resolution on the human rights situation in the annexed Crimea. Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba thanked the countries that voted for the resolution on Crimea.
“The resolution calls for increased interaction within international structures in order to force Russia as an occupying power to fulfill its obligations under international humanitarian law, to ensure unhindered and full access to Crimea for international monitoring missions,” Kuleba wrote on his Twitter page.
The document was supported by 64 UN member states, against – 23 countries, abstained – 86.
In a statement by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, “Crimea is Ukraine,” published by the United States Embassy on Facebook on February 27, 2020, Russia is urged to “end the occupation of Crimea.”.
“The occupation of Crimea by Russia and the increased militarization of the peninsula is a threat to our common security. The Russian occupation authorities continue to carry out an attack on human rights and fundamental freedoms, brutally suppressing criticism in civil society and the media, as well as limiting religious freedom, “the statement says..
Mike Pompeo’s Crimean Declaration notes that “with its 2014 invasion of Ukraine and its attempted annexation of Crimea, Russia sought to undermine the basic international principle shared by democracies: no country can change the borders of another country by force.”.
Plans for 2021
Launch of the “Crimean Platform” Minister of Foreign Affairs Dmitry Kuleba named one of the priorities of the department for 2021.
“Among the priorities of 2021, the topic of countering Russian aggression on all fronts will undoubtedly be. This will be the year of the launch of the Crimean Platform – it will be a new element in the entire architecture of countering Russian aggression, “Dmitry Kuleba said on December 16, according to the Ukrinform National News Agency..
In addition, the minister said, Ukrainian diplomacy will continue to move along the Asian track and deal more substantively with Africa..
According to the press service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, on December 15, First Deputy Minister Emine Dzhaparova, during an online webinar “The Current Situation in Crimea: Human Rights Violation and Militarization on the Crimean Peninsula,” stated that since the occupation, Russia has increased its military contingent on the peninsula more than twice.
“The First Deputy Minister emphasized that Russia’s building up of military potential in the occupied peninsula and its systematic violations of freedom of navigation in the Azov-Kerch water area is a threat not only for Ukraine, but for the entire region of Eastern Europe, the Balkans and the Mediterranean countries,” the website says. foreign ministry of Ukraine.
New stage of investigation in Crimea
Coordinator of the public organization “CrimeaSOS” Tamila Tasheva notes the importance of the extension of international sanctions in the context of the recent report by the prosecutor’s office of the International Criminal Court.
“The Prosecutor’s Office of the International Criminal Court announced the transition from the stage of preliminary investigation of violations by Russia in Crimea to the beginning of the investigation of crimes on the peninsula. The prosecutor noted that the amount of evidence that was collected and transferred by the Ukrainian side provides an opportunity for effective activity. Therefore, these are related things: international sanctions and the strategy of the state in relation to the occupied territories, “Tamila Tasheva says to the correspondent of the Russian service of the Voice of America..
She notes that over the past year and a half, there have been “serious shifts” in the policy of official Kiev towards the occupied peninsula..
“You can recall the Crimean Platform for communications with international partners. The state is working to preserve and renew ties with the occupied territories – there is a reconstruction of travel points on the administrative line with Crimea, it is proposed to implement the concept of online services for Crimean residents not through a judicial procedure, but through an administrative procedure, ”Tamila Tasheva emphasizes..
According to her, by the middle of next year, work is expected to be completed on a strategy for de-occupation and reintegration of the peninsula, the need for which has long been stated by public organizations..
“We managed to get this problem off the ground,” Tamila Tasheva emphasizes..
Sanctions must be tougher
Expert on Political and Economic Issues from the Fund “Maidan Zakordonnykh Sprav” Yuri Smelyansky believes that the sanctions economic pressure against the aggressor state should deprive it of the resources to carry out the occupation.
“This is not happening yet. Russia receives a negative effect from the sanctions, but is trying to compensate for it at the expense of the population’s standard of living. Unfortunately, it has never lived well, and therefore does not particularly react to the fall in social standards of living. But it is necessary that the sanctions in the future force the Kremlin to stop hostilities in Ukraine, Syria, and other conflicts on the territory of the former Soviet Union, “- says Yuri Smelyansky to the correspondent of the Russian service” Voice of America “.
Ukraine’s actions in relation to Crimea – breaking energy networks, stopping water supply, according to Yuri Smelyansky, are also sanctions against the occupation.
“The greatest leverage that Ukraine has today in relation to Russia as an aggressor country in Crimea is the water resource. Due to the circumstances that have developed since 2014, water is just the same instrument that may become the subject of the beginning of the negotiation process. Water can force the Kremlin to sit down at the negotiating table with both Ukraine and the international community, ”says Yuriy Smelyanskiy.
According to Krym.Realii, Ukraine provided up to 85% of Crimea’s needs for fresh water through the North Crimean Canal, which connects the main channel of the Dnieper with the peninsula. After the annexation of Crimea by Russia in 2014, the supply of water to the peninsula was stopped.
In the published statistics of the Kremlin-controlled Ministry of Housing and Communal Services of Crimea, it is noted that the water reserves in five reservoirs of the peninsula are close to the “dead volume” mark..
The drought has led to the fact that in the Simferopol region, only fifteen percent of the sown winter crops are in good condition, according to the Russian administration of the region, emphasizes Crimea..