Russia: Hundreds displaced by Nagorno-Karabakh conflict return to region – Defence Ministry
According to Ukrainian intelligence, those Ukrainians who have received a Russian passport are sent to Nagorno-Karabakh
KIEV – On the temporarily occupied territory in Donetsk and Luhansk regions, persons with Russian citizenship are being recruited in order to recruit so-called “peacekeeping” units to perform tasks in Nagorno-Karabakh. This was reported on November 13 by the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, citing information from the Main Intelligence Directorate..
“The Russian-occupation administrations, by order of the Russian curators, continue measures to accelerate the process of forced passportization of the population in the temporarily occupied territory in Donetsk and Luhansk regions,” the message says..
According to a source from the GUR of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, the presence of a Russian passport for residents of the occupied territories of Donbass “is a prerequisite for military service in the formations and units of the first and second army corps of the Russian occupation forces.”.
“The process of issuing passports of Russian citizens by the military is held by the Russian command under special control,” the document says..
Representatives of the Ukrainian side note that the occupying forces in Donbass are considering the issue of introducing restrictions on civil rights for persons who have a passport of a citizen of Ukraine, with the granting of the status of a “foreign citizen”.
“In particular, it is supposed to deprive them of their” suffrage “, the ability to conclude civil transactions that require notarization,” – noted on the website of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.
Peacekeepers in Nagorno-Karabakh
Russia, which occupied parts of the territory of Ukraine and Georgia, has no reason to call its soldiers sent to Nagorno-Karabakh peacekeepers..
This was stated by the Permanent Representative of Ukraine to international organizations in Vienna Evgeny Tsymbalyuk during a meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council, Ukrinform reports on November 12.
“The Russian Federation, which continues its aggressive actions against Ukraine, including the temporary occupation by the armed forces of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol and certain areas of Donetsk and Luhansk regions, has neither legal nor moral grounds to call its military units, now deployed in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, peacekeepers “, – he said.
The Ukrainian diplomat added, notes “Ukrinform”, that the continued occupation of a part of the sovereign territory of Georgia by Russia also casts doubt on the effectiveness of the “peacekeeping” role of Russia in the South Caucasus region and “discredits the concept of a peacekeeping mission as such in the sense of international law in general and the UN Charter in particular. “.
At the same time, Tsymbalyuk said that Ukraine welcomes the cessation of hostilities between Azerbaijan and Armenia in the Nagorno-Karabakh region..
On the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh
As reported by TASS, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated on November 13 that hostilities in Nagorno-Karabakh had been completely stopped..
The leader of Russia noted that the trilateral statement adopted on November 9 by the President of Azerbaijan, the Prime Minister of Armenia and the President of Russia “made it possible to stop the bloodshed and stabilize the situation.”.
“The shelling and clashes have completely stopped,” Putin said. He noted that “the number of victims of hostilities in Nagorno-Karabakh exceeded four thousand people this autumn”.
Recall that on November 9, President of Azerbaijan Aliyev, Prime Minister of Armenia Pashinyan and Russian President Putin signed a statement declaring a complete ceasefire and all hostilities in the zone of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict from 00:00 hours Moscow time on November 10, 2020.
One of the conditions for ending the conflict is the deployment of 1960 Russian peacekeepers with small arms, 90 armored personnel carriers, 380 units of automobile and special equipment along the contact line in Nagorno-Karabakh and along the Lachin corridor..
Minsk process and certification of Donbass
Managing Partner of the National Anti-Crisis Group Taras Zagorodny believes that Russia is violating international law by attracting residents of territories not controlled by Ukraine to serve in the army and security forces.
“According to international rules, one cannot be drafted into the army from the occupied territories. But Russians do this by handing out passports, often in a forced manner. For many residents of these regions, any job is also a salvation from unemployment, “Taras Zagorodny says to the correspondent of the Russian service of the Voice of America..
He believes that Ukraine should study in detail all the circumstances of these cases in order to be able to open criminal cases..
According to Taras Zagorodny, there is nothing surprising in the fact that Russia is playing a “double game” in the situation with Donbass – it allegedly follows the Minsk process, and in the meantime it is carrying out certification of the residents of the region..
“In many cases, for the residents of the region, Russian citizenship is a forced measure. People are obliged to take a Russian passport in order to be able to leave the occupied territories, ”says Taras Zagorodny.
Political and military way of returning territories
Oleksiy Kurpas, a political scientist and expert at the Fabrika Media political consulting agency, believes that Ukrainian citizens recruited into the Russian Armed Forces violate the laws of Ukraine.
“But the recruitment in the occupied territories is based on the difficult economic situation in the region,” Aleksey Kurpas tells the correspondent of the Russian service of the Voice of America..
According to him, the dubious status of Russian citizenship in the occupied territories of Donbass for Ukraine, nevertheless, allows Ukrainians to legally get work in Russian structures..
Oleksiy Kurpas emphasizes that the situation around Nagorno-Karabakh should demonstrate to Ukrainian politicians the way to return the occupied territories.
“There is no other way than military return of territories. Certain Azerbaijani and Turkish actions show us how to return the occupied land. A political solution is impossible with the participation of Russia, “says Alexey Kurpas.