Crimea: Living with Adversity on the Occupied Peninsula
Former Foreign Minister of Ukraine Pavel Klimkin believes that the Russian leadership is interested in the complete disintegration of Ukraine
KIEV – Russian President Vladimir Putin does not link the deterioration of relations between Ukraine and Russia with the annexation of Crimea. “The fact that our relations have deteriorated with Ukraine is, in principle, not connected with Crimea,” Putin said in an interview with the Russia-1 TV channel, the Ukrainian service of Radio Liberty reported on July 12..
He announced in the program “Moscow. Kremlin. Putin “that for Russia” views and ways “with the Ukrainian government became” diametrically opposed “after the events of Euromaidan, which he called” a coup d’etat and seizure of power “.
“Funny, of course, not in a good way,” former Foreign Minister Pavel Klimkin called the words of the Russian President about the reasons for the deterioration of relations with Ukraine.
“I wonder if Moscow understands that having received temporary control over Crimea and Donbass, they have finally and forever lost Ukraine and the possibility of partnership? This is the key question. And if so, and this is what I think, then his [Putin’s] goal can only be the complete disintegration of Ukraine, everything else will not suit him, the very existence of a democratic and European Ukraine is a problem for the Russian regime, “Pavel Klimkin noted on July 13 in Facebook on your page.
He believes that “the manipulation about Crimea, which would not even be worth commenting on, actually indicates that Putin is not satisfied with the very existence of an uncolonized Ukraine and that he will proceed from this in the future,” the former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine emphasized..
History of the annexation of Crimea
According to the Crimea.Realii project, in February 2014, armed people in unmarked uniforms appeared in Crimea, who seized the building of the Verkhovna Rada of the ARC, the Council of Ministers of the ARC, as well as the Simferopol airport, the Kerch ferry crossing, other strategic objects, and also blocked actions Ukrainian troops. Later, Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted that they were the Russian military.
On March 16, 2014, on the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol, a “referendum” on the status of the peninsula, unrecognized by most countries of the world, was held, as a result of which Russia included Crimea in its composition.
Neither Ukraine, nor the UN, nor the European Union, nor the United States recognized the results of the vote in the “referendum.” However, on March 18, 2014. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the “annexation” of Crimea to Russia.
History and the Kremlin
Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov in the same program on the TV channel “Russia-1” said that the Russian president will always stand up to defend the historical truth.
Statements similar to those that the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky made about the role of the USSR in the Great Patriotic War “internally jarring” Vladimir Putin, Dmitry Peskov said, according to the channel’s website.
“I am sure that if such distortions continue on the part of our colleagues to the west of our country, Putin will each time stand up to defend the historical truth,” the Kremlin spokesman said..
Dmitry Peskov the state of relations between Russia and the United States is as bad as ever. “Our relations are still practically at the lowest point,” he said, according to “Russia-1”.
It all started before Euromaidan
Director of the Institute of World Politics Evgeny Magda notes that Russia imposed economic restrictions on Ukrainian goods in August 2013, when no one spoke or assumed about Euromaidan.
“This is for the“ clarity of understanding ”of the words of Vladimir Putin, which are obviously aimed at their own electorate, and are aimed at ensuring that the Russians, after the constitutional changes, can be convinced of the correct strategy of the Russian leadership. This is the well-known position of Putin, who does not accept the events of the Euromaidan, consistently ignores them, as well as the norms of international law and the position of good-neighborliness with Ukraine, ”Yevgeny Magda told the Voice of America correspondent.
The political scientist emphasizes that during the Euromaidan there were no anti-Russian slogans in the center of Kiev, and the Ukrainians spoke different languages, and no less actively in Russian.
“Putin is trying to neutralize the significance of the annexation of Crimea on the precipitous deterioration of Russian-Ukrainian relations, which still exist because there are diplomatic relations at the level of consular services,” says Yevhen Magda.
At the same time, according to him, the unfriendly position of the Kremlin, the aggressive policy of Vladimir Putin led to a reduction in trade and dialogue between the countries..
Politics and three energy projects
The traditional practice of the Kremlin and Vladimir Putin himself, according to the President of the Center for Global Studies “Strategy XXI” Mikhail Gonchar, – rewrite history.
“Both the period of the Second World War and other periods – 20s – 60s – allegedly Lenin gave Donbass to Ukraine, and Khrushchev – Crimea, before the history of recent years: what happened in 2014 is the result, they say, rebellion and as a consequence Crimea went to Russia “, – says Mikhail Gonchar to the correspondent of the Russian service” Voice of America “.
In 2013 – 2014, the expert notes, Russia’s discontent was caused by the unwillingness of the Ukrainian authorities to completely refuse to sign the Association Agreement with the European Union..
“The second discontent was that Yanukovych was delaying with the forceful decision of the Maidan, did not listen to directives from Moscow,” emphasizes Mikhail Gonchar.
He claims that in the energy sector, Russia was against three Ukrainian megaprojects for the production of hydrocarbons..
“It was planned to develop two large projects on unconventional gas in the east and west of Ukraine – Yuzovskaya area on the territory of Kharkiv and Donetsk regions, and in the west – on the territory of Ivano-Frankivsk and Lviv regions. The participation of companies was planned: European Shell and American Chevron. Another mega-project is the development of the Black Sea shelf in the northwestern sector between the Odessa region and the Crimea under the auspices of the American corporation Exxon Mobil. All these projects on the aggregate of graves make Ukraine not only gas independent, but even allow it to become a gas exporter. Definitely, this was not part of Gazprom’s plans, ”says Mikhail Gonchar.
The unwillingness to see Ukraine as independent has formed a strategy in the Kremlin about a “single Slavic people”, Orthodoxy, the idea of Ukraine as a territory and not a state, says Mikhail Gonchar.
Nothing to do with reality
Political scientist Dmitry Tuzhansky notes that the assessment of events and the assessment of bilateral relations between countries began to change radically in the early 2000s.
“And in general, these new phrases of Vladimir Putin that relations have deteriorated since the Euromaidan times should not be surprised. For Russia, the Euromaidan and the Orange Revolution were an operation of the American special services, and other labels were hung on popular protests that have nothing to do with reality, ”Dmitry Tuzhansky told the Voice of America correspondent.
He believes that the leader of Russia has changed his vision and assessments of the events in Ukraine more than once, since 2014..
“When the annexation of Crimea began, Putin’s position changed – at first it was about the“ green men ”who were almost volunteers and the same was said about the regular troops, which allegedly do not exist in Donbass. Politician Putin is a revisionist who rewrites history, understands the events that are beneficial to him, ”emphasizes Dmitry Tuzhansky.
The political scientist calls the main strategy of the Kremlin the policy of no peace with Ukraine, which, probably, will not change in the future..
“Starting from 2013 – 2014 and after the change of power in Ukraine, Putin does not want peace with Ukraine, war and tension in relations is his plan, or part of the plan. I am not sure that this strategy has any kind of completion, this is evidenced by changes in the constitution, the current situation in Russia, the sanctions policy, periodic exacerbations in Donbass, “Dmitry Tuzhansky notes..