80th Anniversary of the Outbreak of World War II: Unlearned History Lessons

80th Anniversary of the Outbreak of World War 2

80th Anniversary of the Outbreak of World War II: Unlearned History Lessons

Petersburg experts talk about the missed opportunities of the Stalinist leadership and about moral responsibility for encouraging the aggressor

Petersburg experts talk about the missed opportunities of the Stalinist leadership and about moral responsibility for encouraging the aggressor

The St. Petersburg Institute of Regional Press, together with the Council of the Association of Christian Democrats, held a round table on the topic “What prompted the USSR to enter the war on September 17, 1939?”.

The discussion centered on the Soviet-German non-aggression pact, better known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, and the attached secret protocol on the delimitation of the spheres of control of the USSR and Germany (https://www.golos-ameriki.ru/a/pakt -molotov-ribbentrop / 5052839.html).

By the way, the Soviet original of the Pact and the secret supplement to it was first published in Russia only in June of this year..

Alternatives to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the St. Philaret Orthodox Christian Institute Kirill Alexandrov at the beginning of his speech, he quoted the words of the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation Vladimir Medinsky, who considers the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact “a triumph of Soviet diplomacy”.

The historian himself is convinced that out of several options that existed in August 1939, Stalin chose the worst. In a conversation with a correspondent for the Russian service of the Voice of America, Aleksandrov explained: “For Germany, the meaning of the Pact was not to clash with the armed forces of the Soviet Union after the Polish campaign.” At the same time, for the Soviet Union, territorial acquisitions in the western and southwestern borders were an intermediate goal. “The strategic goal,” Kirill Aleksandrov continued, “was what Stalin told Georgy Dimitrov on September 7, 1939: the Second imperialist war began, in which the opposing forces would weaken each other. And if the First World War created conditions for a socialist revolution in Russia, then this war creates conditions for crushing the capitalist world “.

In fact, the expert believes, the non-aggression pact with Germany created a real threat to the security of the USSR. And during the war, tens of millions of Soviet people’s lives had to be paid for this mistake..

In September 1939, Hitler did not yet have military allies, and, in fact, the Stalinist USSR became such an ally, helping the Third Reich to strengthen its defenses..

Some Soviet historians wrote about alternatives to the Pact as early as the 1960s. “For instance. Alexander Nekrich, who published in 1965 the harmless monograph “1941. June, 22”. This book aroused such anger in the party apparatus that Nekrich then had to leave the Soviet Union, “recalls Aleksandrov.

Among the alternatives to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the historian lists the possibility of concluding a military convention with Great Britain and France, or dragging out the trilateral Soviet-French-British negotiations that were underway in Moscow at that time for several more months. According to the expert, Hitler would not have dared to start a war in unfavorable winter conditions. “The third option would be to declare that the attack on Poland poses a threat to the security of Soviet borders. And in this case, Hitler would not have dared in the fall of 1939 on a suicidal war for him with the Soviet Union..

Finally, the fourth option – cynical, belonging to the category of realpolitik – is to conclude an agreement with Hitler, occupy eastern Poland, and then start a war with Hitler, that is, deceive him under any pretext. And this could be explained by the fact that Hitler is bad and it is not a sin to deceive him.

But of all the options, Stalin chooses the worst – the option of benevolent neutrality, which allowed Hitler to wage a successful war in Europe for two years and gain strength to attack the Soviet Union, ”concludes Kirill Aleksandrov.

What is the money spent on oil and gas sales in Russia?

Petersburg political scientist Evgeny Bestuzhev titled his message “80 years of world tragedy: past and present.” He stated that recently, revanchist sentiments have been growing in Russian society, the expression of which has become the motto “We can repeat”. At the same time, a number of Western leaders are pursuing a policy of appeasing the aggressor. And from this Bestuzhev concludes that “the world did not draw conclusions from the tragedy of eighty years ago.”.

And today’s Russia, which has declared itself the legal successor of the USSR, is the only country that has not repented for its complicity in the outbreak of World War II..

In an interview with a correspondent for the Russian service of the Voice of America, he explained this by the predominance of economic interests over ideals. “If we recall the period between the two world wars, then the Americans and Germans took an active part in the so-called“ Stalinist industrialization ”. They invested money, helped build factories. In general, the thesis “you can trade even with a cannibal” prevailed, although in reality it was not industrialization, but the militarization of Soviet industry. The entire Soviet economy worked for what was called “fanning the world fire”, that is, for the establishment of a world communist dictatorship, “- said Bestuzhev.

80th Anniversary of the Outbreak of World War II: Unlearned History Lessons
80th Anniversary of the Beginning of World War II: The Unlearned Lessons of History

At the same time, he noted the role of such world leaders as Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher and Pope John Paul II in the fall of totalitarian regimes in Eastern Europe. And he continued: “And now the situation is somewhat depressing. Even some right-wing politicians are rather complacent about the Putin regime, and they do not have an understanding of how dangerous this regime is. “.

The political scientist also recalled the statement of Ronald Reagan: “Freedom is one of the deepest and noblest aspirations of the human spirit.”.

And he summed up: “As long as there is a dictatorship somewhere, the threat of war remains. Moreover, when dictatorial regimes exist in large countries. Something must be done about this, and above all, there must be education of the population in these countries, the promotion of freedom and democracy. This is costly and time consuming. Well, of course, developed democratic countries need, as they say, to step on the throat of their economic interests in some way. Because the money they pay for Russian oil and gas is not spent on improving the life of the population of our country, but on the very “We can repeat it!”, That is, on show-off of the Putin regime. Does the world need it? I think no!”.

80th Anniversary of the Beginning of World War II: The Unlearned Lessons of History
80th Anniversary of the Outbreak of World War II: Unlearned History Lessons

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